According to the CDC, 15% of US adults are estimated to have chronic kidney disease. That means around 37 million Americans have this disease growing in their kidneys and most of them do not know when they have it.
With chronic kidney disease (CKD), kidneys become damaged over time or lose the ability to clean the blood as well as healthy kidneys. When the kidneys don’t work properly, waste materials and extra water build up in the body and may cause other health problems, including heart disease and high blood pressure. However, people with CKD and people at risk for CKD can take steps to protect their kidneys.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the major causes of CKD in adults.
Individuals with low birth weight may also be more vulnerable to elevated loss of kidney function later on in life as a result of any additional injuries to the kidney caused, for example, by accidents, infections, or the presence of other risk factors such as diabetes.
A study published by Nephrology News in August 2020 showcased babies that were born prematurely with low birth weight were at an increased risk of developing kidney disease up until the age of 50 by up to seventy percent.
That’s an extreme increase just for being born prematurely.
A piece of advice you can take from this is if you have a child with low birth weight and you have kidney disease, it would be an ideal and a smart move to start screening your child at the age of 9. There may also be genetic risks passed down to your children if you were diagnosed with kidney disease.
Researchers also found a connection between low birth weight and subsequent development of end-stage kidney disease, or kidney failure. Despite the relation between low birth weight and risk of CKD in later life, early detection, and management of chronic kidney disease & its risk factors are highly effective in preventing adverse outcomes.