A new study shows women are at a lower risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and all cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality when compared to men. Kidneys filter the blood of wastes and toxins, allowing them to be expelled through urine. If the kidneys operate at reduced function or fail completely, the patient has CKD. There is no cure for CKD, except for transplant. It affects 10% to 13% of the adult population.
Those with the condition are at a higher risk of cardiovascular complications and premature death. These results are from a ten year study, analyzing data from a Swedish nationwide population based registry. The study looked at three groups of CKD patients; the first with 7388, the second with 18,282, and the last with 9,410 patients. Each of these CKD groups were in stages G3b, G4, and G% respectively.
Researchers found the rate of progression per 100 people was 20.8 for men and 17.6 for women. In terms of mortality, there were 10.6 deaths per 100 people for men and 9.2 deaths per 100 people for women. Overall, 19.6 patients per 100 had CKD progression, while 10.1 patients per 100 persons died. CV mortality rate was 3.79 per 100 people, though lower for women than men. Overall, compared to men, women had a 10-17% decreased risk of CKD progression, all cause mortality and CV mortality. For more of the latest kidney studies, be sure to watch the Healthy Kidney Inc. YouTube channel.